By Dania Abdul Malak, Katriona McGlade, Diana Pascual, Eduard Pla
This publication examines the water-related affects of weather switch within the UNESCO Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean (IBRM) straddling Spain and Morocco. this can be the 1st in-depth booklet on a desirable transboundary case learn; whereas weather swap results are fairly homogenous around the IBRM, differing socio-economic contexts, land-use styles and coverage frameworks in Spain and Morocco suggest substantial diversifications in vulnerability and results for human protection. The authors have produced a singular and built-in vulnerability review that mixes hydro-ecological, socio-economic and coverage analyses. The interdisciplinary strategy and insights contained during this quantity will charm either to these attracted to the mixing of typical and social sciences in addition to these engaged on water and weather swap from educational, sensible or policy-oriented views.
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Extra resources for Adapting to Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability and Risks to Human Security in the Western Mediterranean Basin
3. When this index is negative, it indicates that available water for vegetation requirements will be limited. The baseline period (Fig. 3a) shows a deﬁcit in water availability across the whole IBRM; here, the deﬁcit gradient decreases with increasing altitude. In the baseline scenario, coastal areas and other areas at low altitudes are subjected to greater pressure than mountainous or places with a more humid climate such as the Spanish Grazalema (having 2000 mm annual precipitation). In the future, increased aridity in coastal and low-altitude areas is expected, while no changes are expected in mountainous areas (Fig.
Particular attention was paid to consider all viewpoints, to discuss each of them, and to arrive at consensus. In both focus group meetings, the ﬁrst two scenarios analysed were the extremes, scenarios A and D, where long discussions took place. Due to this, a short amount of time was left for intermediate scenarios, and the conclusions of scenarios B and C were less extensive than scenarios A and D. In the Andalusian focus group, most of the discussions centred on the effects of hydro-climatic scenarios.
In recent decades strong economic competition between illegal crops (primarily cannabis) and alternative crops has emerged. Under Scenario C, the cultivation of illegal cannabis crops is expected to increase. In general, the growth of cannabis, while economically lucrative, is a form of maladaptation that actually worsens the effects of climate change. Cannabis cultivation in the IBRM is associated with various environmental problems (decrease of soil quality, soil erosion) because the crops are cultivated on high gradient slopes.
Adapting to Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability and Risks to Human Security in the Western Mediterranean Basin by Dania Abdul Malak, Katriona McGlade, Diana Pascual, Eduard Pla