By Dominick Graham
Professor Graham compares the functionality of the British military within the international wars. He identifies as a resource of failure within the First global battle, Sir Douglas Haig's lack of ability to undertake acceptable operations for his selected method, or appropriate strategies for the operations. Montgomery often kept away from that mistake within the moment global warfare. Graham attracts upon his personal event of wrestle to aid the reader make a connection among the orders given to corps and their influence on small units.
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Additional resources for Against Odds: Reflections on the Experiences of the British Army, 1914–45
Moreover, Haig wanted a one- phase attack with Passchendaele its first objective. Neither Plumer nor Rawlinson thought that to be sensible. The Rawlinson-Plumer plan (Map 4) originated in March 1916 before the Somme. Then, Haig counted on a quick switch of British divisions to Ypres from the Somme to catch the Germans unprepared so that a rapid advance would be possible. Neither Rawlinson nor Plumer believed that to be likely and their knowledge of the ground made them persist in looking closely at the tactical problems.
Artillery was enabled to survey its own position and its targets'. Gradually the two gun-laying elements required to strike a target, line and range, were fixed, together with ballistic elements such as meteorology and those associated with individual guns, like muzzle velocity. It was not until late in 1917 that the ballistic qualities of shells, the reliability of their explosives and fuses, and the variety of the latter brought the artillery to a reasonable level of efficiency. Communications between observers and guns and between units and the artillery continued to be a headache, for cable was often cut by shellfire, and wireless was still developing.
Despite the scorn that has sometimes been levelled at the cavalry of this period, it was no longer devoted to the lance. Although some units were slow to shape their tactics around the rifle, the machine gun and the 13-pounder field gun, most did so. They shot straight and used their horses to carry men and weapons to decisive positions. When Haig came to review the course of the struggle on the Western Front in 1919, he saw it as a protracted build-up battle after the first engagements. The mud, the blood and the huge investment in heavy weapons were necessary and inevitable in order to open the front to The Army Prepares 21 the last phase of the war.
Against Odds: Reflections on the Experiences of the British Army, 1914–45 by Dominick Graham